The elementary back stroke is a swimming stroke that requires use of little energy with simple movement of the legs and arms. The swimmer’s head hardly ever goes under the water hence the elementary back stroke doesn't need any complicated breathing style. It is a very relaxing swimming stroke which can be used as a rescue or recovery stroke.
Elementary back stroke was the first swimming stroke to be performed in the Olympics that were held in Paris in 1900; however, it didn't stick as a mainstay of the Olympics.
How to swim the elementary back stroke
To begin, you’ll have to face upwards. While bending your elbows, draw your hands from the side of your body. Extend your hands to full length at armpit height. Push your hands downwards via the water; this will in effect propel your body through the water. You will be able to move on the water using this movement and incorporate it with leg movement.
The elementary back stroke involves you drawing your knees up and out while the heels are touching, then you should stretch out your legs to the sides thus pushing you through the water. Lastly you should bring your legs straight together in order to start the next movement. This movement allows you to avoid wetting your face, breathing freely and being able to freely move in the water.
Benefits of elementary back stroke
Breathing is very easy as the face is always out of water and any projections to the face are also avoided, as it is swum with your face upwards and the arms are kept underneath the water.
It is easier to learn as the motion of both arms is synchronous; as well as a very effective and basic stroke to learn.
Both legs also execute the same motion and at the same time, hence another easy aspect to learn.
The coordination between the arms and legs is easy as they all move synchronously.